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抹灰石膏应用的历史

石膏是一种世界上最古老的建筑材料之一,直到现在石膏仍然是一种最常用的建筑材料。据欧洲石膏组织(Euro Gypsum Organization)的相关资料报道[1],抹灰石膏的最早应用可以追溯到距今1万年1千以前,如考古学家发现,在公元前9000年左右,位于土耳其中部的加泰土丘休于古城(Catal Huyuk) 的远古居民就已经开始采用抹灰石膏作为装饰壁画的基底[1]。公元前7000年左右的以色列人就开始采用石膏作为一种地面找平材料[1]。公元前3000年左右的埃及人在修建金字塔的过程中就开始采用石膏抹灰材料对石料进行修补、填缝、砌筑、抹灰及地面找平等应用[1,2,3]。公元前700年希腊人将石膏材料广泛应用于雕塑、各种艺术品及建筑中,很明显希腊人利用石膏胶凝性能的技术源于埃及,在实际应用中希腊人还发现与石灰石相比,石膏抹灰摸上去更温暖而且更容易溶解[2]。 Gypsum is a kind of one of the world's oldest building materials, gypsum until now still is one of the most commonly used building materials. According to the European Organization for Gypsum (Euro Gypsum Organization) related information reports [1], the earliest application of plastering Gypsum can be traced back to 10000-1000 years ago, such as archaeologists found, around 9000 BC, in Turkey, in central mound Hugh in ancient city (Catal Huyuk) of ancient residents began using plaster Gypsum as mural of basal [1]. Around 7000 BC israelis began using gypsum as a ground leveling material [1]. Around 3000 BC, the egyptians in the process of building the pyramids began with gypsum plaster materials to repair, caulking, stone masonry, plastering and ground for equality applications [1, 2, 3]. In 700 BC, the greeks will plaster materials are widely used in sculpture, all kinds of art and architecture, obviously the greeks use gypsum gelling performance technology comes from Egypt, in the practical application of the greeks also found that compared with limestone, gypsum plaster feels warmer and [2] is more easily dissolved.

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